All living beings are dependent on their surroundings. They are
also interdependent on each other. The relation between the
living beings and between living beings and their surroundings
form an eco-system.

The whole biosphere which is capable of sustaining life form is a huge eco-system. The importance of the nature or eco-system is well summarized in this centuries old Sanskrit shloka :

दशकूपसमा वापी दशवापीसमो ह्रदः ।
दशह्रदसमः पुत्रो दशपुत्रसमो द्रुमः ॥
A pond equals ten wells, a reservoir equals ten ponds.
A son equals ten reservoirs, and a tree equals ten sons!


Man is living in the earth since time immemorial and have survived all the challenges to emerge on the top of the food chain. In modern world, Man modified his surroundings to make his life comfortable. Unfortunately while making his life comfortable man overlooked the nature and disturbed the whole fragile eco-system, our basic life support system in earth. Man’s greed resulted into environmental degradation and led to global climate change which has become the biggest challenge mankind is facing in 21st century.
The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines environmental degradation as “the reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives, and needs”.


Climate change affects the social and environmental determinants of health – clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter.
Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress.
The direct damage costs to health (i.e. excluding costs in health-determining sectors such as agriculture and water and sanitation), is estimated to be between US$ 2-4 billion/year by 2030.
Areas with weak health infrastructure – mostly in developing countries – will be the least able to cope without assistance to prepare and respond.
Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases through better transport, food and energy-use choices can result in improved health, particularly through reduced air pollution.
*(source World Health Organisation)

How can you reverse Environmental degradation

1. By planting trees and saving already grown trees in your vicinity. Cutting of a tree is a criminal act.

2. By reducing over usage of your vehicles . Diesel and petrol vehicles pollute the environment. One can opt for alternative sources viz. car-pool, use bicycle, public transport etc. to reduce the emission of harmful gases in the air.

3. By using recycled paper and bags. And recycling items after their usage.

4. By not burning the plastic and plastic materials. Disposing them off in a designated place can prevent harmful elements from seeping into the earth.

5. By spreading awareness in the area so that others will come to know the importance of environment in our lives and become conscious in saving the same. Joining various environmental causes can help the environment and people in deliberating on the pressing problems of the day.