Drug abuse is the repeated and excessive use of drugs. It impacts a person’s mental as well as physical health negatively causing a major damage to the brain. Drug abuse hampers a person’s power to practise self-control and interferes with their ability to resist the urge to take drugs. Drugs are initially taken out of choice, however, it becomes hard to resist them sooner than you realise. It is difficult to recover from this problem and even those who do stand a high risk of developing it again.
Drug addiction is a problem that has been increasing immensely among our society today. Drug addictions can only hinder or restrain us from accomplishing goals or dreams in life. People sometimes feel they are too bright, too powerful, too much in control to become addictive. Addiction can trap anyone. It can lead to harming ones body, causing problems in family structure, and contribute to the delinquency in society. The sooner people seek help for drug addiction problems, the more chances they have of gaining control of their life once again. However, abstinence is the safest way to live a longer and healthier life.
We are greatly influenced by the people around us. Today one of the number one reasons of teenage drug usage is peer pressure. Peer pressure represents social influences that affect us. It can have a positive or a negative effect, depending on what path one follows. There is direct and indirect pressure that might influence a person’s decision in using drugs. Direct pressure might be when a person is offered to try drugs. Indirect pressure might be when a person is around people using drugs and sees that there is nothing wrong with using drugs. A person might also try drugs just to fit in a social group, even if the person had no intentions of using drugs. Adolescents can try out different roles and observe the reactions of their friends to their behaviour and their appearance (Berndt, 1992).
The population of India has reached over 1 billion people and is rising. The country is growing at an incredible pace. Its culture, social values, demographics and economy is rapidly changing, and these stresses are having an impact on the people. Some evidence suggests that there is an increasing use of illicit drugs and reported numbers point to over 3 million drug addicts in India. However, the World Health Organization does note that there is significant difficulty in estimating drug usage and addiction rates in the country due to poor bureaucratic processes and census reporting.
Besides alcohol and tobacco, cannabis, heroin, opium and hashish are the most commonly used drugs in India. However, some evidence indicates that there is an increasing prevalence of methamphetamine as well. Drug addiction is a major problem for many families, communities and law enforcement. Massive numbers of addicts are left to be treated by the families as financial costs, available services and lack of appropriate care challenge the country. This is not only the case for drug addicts.HIV is a significant issue for drug addicts in India with over 2.4 million people infected. This places India as the third-highest country in terms of rate of infection in the world. Injecting drug users making up nearly 10 percent of the affected groups. HIV positive drug users are often violently attacked, discriminated against, rejected by families and communities.
Anyone can become a drug abuse. Drug abuse information indicates that all ethnicities, ages, social groups and genders can have drug abuse problems. Drug abuse is not a character flaw but rather a medical condition that has developed overtime. While no one knows why one becomes a drug abuser while another doesn’t drug abuse does tend to run in families. The NIDA the following risk factors for developing drug abuse problem are unstable home environment often due to dug abuse mental illness of the patient, poor relationship with parents, inadequate supervision over adolescent’s activities, Use of drugs by friend/peers, permissive attitude towards their own drug use of the adolescent, behavioral problems combined with poor parenting, poor achievement in school, apparent ambivalence or approval of drug use in the school, peer group or community, availability of drugs in the community, peer group or home, family Issues, pressure at work, growing competition in schools and colleges, relationship problems, financial issues, feeling of emptiness. Besides, it can also be a genetic problem. Whatever be the reason, it is essential to understand that drug abuse only aggravates the problems rather than solving them. It is thus wise to stay away from it. Those who have already fallen prey to this problem can seek expert guidance to overcome it. Proper medication, support from loved ones and strong will power can take one out of the dark world of drug abuse. The treatment for drug abuse is extended over a long period so as to ensure that the problem does not relapse.
When someone is abusing drugs, there are often signs and symptoms that are both physical and behavioural including sudden mood swings, changes in normal behaviour, sudden mood swings, changes in normal behaviour, lack of hygiene and grooming, withdrawal from friends and family, loss of interest in normal activities and hobbies, changes in sleeping pattern, bloodshot or glassy eyes etc. There is no magic wand when it comes to treating drug abuse and addiction. This complex disease requires a multifaceted approach to treatment for it to be effective. Most treatment program including a thorough mental and physical assessment, detoxification, individual or group therapy, participation in support groups, a comprehensive aftercare program. The best treatment program is one that is tailored to your specific needs. You and your counsellors will need to determine the right type and length of treatment program is best for situation, how much and what type of therapy you will need and what components should be included in your aftercare program. Our treatment supports specialist can give you all the information you need to that making these decisions.